The branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth (including gums and alveolar bone).
- Periodontal treatment: Ultrasonic scaling above and below the gum line followed by polishing. Full-mouth radiographs and diagnostic dental charting (a physical examination of each tooth) are performed on all patients presenting for periodontal treatment. Repository (intra-pocket) antibiotic therapy may help slow the progression of periodontal disease in specific cases.
- Extraction of non-salvageable teeth: Local anesthetic agents (similar to Novocain®) and surgical extraction techniques are employed to minimize post-operative discomfort and speed healing.
- Guided tissue regeneration. This procedure allows the conservation of teeth with significant bone loss in one or two specific areas but not affecting the entire tooth.